‎ ارزیابی میانگین خطر بیماری های قلبی ومغزی در پرسنل بالای 30 سال بیمارستان شریعتی مشهد در سال 1397

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 متخصص طب کار و بیماری‌‎های شغلی

2 متخصص قلب، بیمارستان شریعتی مشهد

3 متخصص ارولوژی معاونت درمان بیمارستان شریعتی مشهد

4 کارشناس بهداشت حرفه‌‎‎ای بیمارستان شریعتی مشهد

چکیده

مقدمه
بیماری‌‎های قلبی از مهم‎ترین علل مرگ و میر در جهان است لذا هدف ما در این مطالعه به ارزیابی میانگین خطرسنجی بیماری‎های قلبی ومغزی در پرسنل بالای 30 سال بیمارستان شریعتی مشهد در سال 1397 ‌‎‎‎می‎باشد.
روش کار
در این مطالعه توصیفی مقطعی از روش نمونه گیری تصادفی برای انتخاب نمونه‌‎‎‎ها استفاده شده است. پس از اخذ رضایت نامه کتبی از افراد مورد مطالعه اطلاعات افراد با استفاده از پرسشنامه طراحی شده اطلاعات دموگرافیکی و شاخص‌‎های انتروپومتریک شد. جهت براورد میانگین خطر سنجی از نرم افزار طراحی شده و جهت انالیز داده‌‎‎‎ها و بررسی ارتباطات آنها از نرم افزار 18 SPSS V استفاده شد.
نتایج
از 181 نفر حاضر در مطالعه 105 نفر (58%) مرد و 76 نفر (42%) زن‌‎‎‎، ‎میانگین سن افراد 1/39 سال و میانگین شاخص توده‌‎‎‎‎ی ‎بدنی 5/25 بود. تری گلیسرید و سن، کلسترول با وزن شاخص توده بدنی و سن‌‎‎‎، ‎فشار خون سیتولیک با قد‌‎‎‎، ‎وزن شاخص توده بدنی و سن، فشار خون دیاستولیک با قد و قند خون ناشتا با وزن‌‎‎‎، ‎شاخص توده بدنی و سن دارای ارتباط معنی‌دار مثبت بود. تمامی افراد مورد مطالعه دارای ریسک ابتلا به بیماری‌‎های قلبی و مغزی زیر 10% بودند.
نتیجه­گیری
نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که میانگین خطرسنجی بیماری‎های قلبی ومغزی برای افراد جاضر در مطالعه زیر 10% بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the average risk of cardiovascular disease in employees over 30 years of age in Shariati hospital in Mashhad in 1397

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Kharghani 1
  • Mohamad Reza Hoseinalizade 2
  • Aliakbar Ilati 3
  • Samira Yaghoubi 4
1 Specialist in occupational medicine and occupational diseases
2 Cardiologist of Shariati Hospital in Mashhad
3 Urology Specialist, Shariati Hospital Mashhad Hospital
4 ccupational Health Expert at Shariati Hospital in Mashhad
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most important causes of mortality in the world. Therefore, our goal in this study was to evaluate the average risk of cardiovascular disease in employees over 30 years of age in Shariati hospital in Mashhad in 1397.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, random sampling was used to select the samples. After obtaining written consent from the subjects, information was collected using a demographic questionnaire and anthropometric indicators. The software was designed for estimating the average risk level and SPSS V18 software was used to analyze the data.
Results: Of 181 subjects in this study, 105 (58%) men and 76 (42%) women, the mean age was 1.39 and the mean BMI was 25.5. Triglyceride and age, cholesterol with weight, body mass index and age, cytological hypertension with height, body mass index and age, diastolic blood pressure with height, fasting blood glucose, body mass index and age were positively correlated . all subjects had a less than 10% for a risk of heart and brain disease.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the mean of cardiovascular and cardiovascular disease risk was lower than 10% in subjects under study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Average risk
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Employees over 30 years of age

References

Ndindjock R, Gedeon J, Mendis S, Paccaud F, Bovet P. Potential impact of single-risk-factor versus total risk management for the prevention of cardiovascular events in Seychelles. Bull World Health Organ. 2011;89(4):286-95. doi: 10.2471/BLT.10.082370.

  1. Roth GA, Forouzanfar MH, Moran AE, Barber R, Nguyen G, Feigin VL, et al. Demographic and epidemiologic drivers of global cardiovascular mortality. N Engl J Med . 2015;372(14):1333-41.
  2. Rezabeigi davarani E, Iranpour A, Khanjani N, Mohseni M, Nazari Robati F. Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Factors and the Relationship between Knowledge Level and Preventive Behaviors forCardiovascular Diseases among Women in Kerman. hbrj. 2016; 2 (2) :119-32.
  3. Grundy SMBrewer HB JrCleeman JISmith SC JrLenfant C. Definition of metabolic syndrome: Report of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/American Heart Association conference on scientific issues related to definition. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004;24(2):e13-8.
  4.  Shufelt CL, Merz CNB. Contraceptive hormone use and cardiovascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009; 53(3): 221–31.
  5. McMahan CA, Gidding SS, McGill HC Jr. Coronary heart disease risk factors and atherosclerosis in young people. J Clin Lipidol. 2008;2(3):118-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2008.02.006.

    1. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, McDowell MA, Tabak CJ, Flegal KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999-2004. Jama. 2006;295(13):1549-55.

      1. Akbari Z, Mohammadi M, Effati B, Arsang jang S, Aboalkhirian S, Barati H. The Survey on the Prevalence of the Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Factors among the Qom University of Medical Sciences Staffs in 2012. Paramedical Sciences and Military Health. 2016; 11 (2) :1-7
      2. Ghahramanian A, Heidarzadeh M, Rostami H, Rahimi R. Behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in Bonab city employees. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2011; 21 (1) :38-45.

10. Mirmiran R, AzadBakht L, Azizi F. Predictors of cardiovascular risk factors in Tehranian adults:diet and lifestyle. East Mediterr Health J. 2006;12(1-2):88-97.

11. Hazmi H, Ishak WR, Jalil RA, Hua GS, Hamid NF, Haron R, Shafei MN, et al. Traditional cardiovascular risk-factors among healthcare workers in Kelantan, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2015;46(3):504-11.

12. Javadi H, Azimian J, Rajabi M, Kalantari Z, Javadi M, Esmaiilzadeh H et al . Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among women in Minoodar district of Qazvin interventional propositions. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2009; 13 (2) :35-43.

13. Avazeh A, Jafari N, Rabie siahkali S, Mazloomzadeh S. Knowledge level Attitude and Performance of Women on Diet and Exercise and Their Relation with Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Factors. J Adv Med Biomed Res. 2010; 18 (71) :51-60.

14. Sadeghi M, Golshadi I, Roohafza H, Aghdak P. Evaluation the Relation between Coronary Risk Factors, Metabolic Syndrome and 10 Year Ischemic Event According to BMI in Women above 19 Years in Central Part of IRAN. jour guilan uni med sci. 2008; 17 (67) :16-23.  

15. Ghazanfari Z, Alizadeh M, Azizzadeh Furozi M, Bahodini N. Prevalence of coronary artery diseases risk factors in Kerman. Iranian Journal of Critical Care Nursing. 2010;3(1):29-32.

16. Yousefinia M, Amani A. A Survey of lipid profile in the population over 30 years old based on Arak healthy heart program. J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2007; 10 (2) :89-96.  

17. Hosseinkhani Z, Ziaee A, Ghorbani A, Javadi A. Distribution of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) risk factors in adults in Qazvin City. Medical Journal of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences 2013;56(5):275-82.

  1. 18.  Li TY, Rana JS, Manson JE, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, et al. Obesity as compared with physical activity in predicting risk of coronary heart disease in women. Circulation. 2006;113(4):499-506.

    1. Zhu S, Wang Z, Heshka S, Heo M, Faith MS, Heymsfield SB. Waist circumference and obesity-associated risk factors among whites in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: clinical action thresholds. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002;76(4):743-9.
    2. Zhang XPatel AHoribe HWu ZBarzi FRodgers A, et al . Cholesterol, coronary heart disease, and stroke in the Asia Pacific region. Int J Epidemiol. 2003;32(4):563-72.
    3. Baxter AJ, Coyne T, McClintock C. Dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome-a review of epidemiologic evidence. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2006;15(2):134-42.
    4. Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration1, Sarwar NGao PSeshasai SRGobin RKaptoge S , et al. Diabetes mellitus, fasting blood glucose concentration, and risk of vascular disease: a collaborative meta-analysis of 102 prospective studies. Lancet. 2010;375(9733):2215-22. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60484-9.
    5. Bahonar A, Sarrafzadegan N, Kelishadi R, Shirani S, Ramezani MA, Taghdisi MH, Gharipour M. Association of socioeconomic profiles with cardiovascular risk factors in Iran: the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program. Int J Public Health. 2011;56(1):37-44. doi: 10.1007/s00038-010-0125-8 .

24. Lahoz CMantilla TTaboada MSoler BTranche SLópez-Rodriguez I, et al. Gender differences in evidence-based pharmacological therapy for patients with stable coronary heart disease. Int J Cardiol. 2009;133(3):336-40. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2007.12.115.