نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی، واحد قوچان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی قوچان، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری گروه علوم اجتماعی، واحد قوچان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی قوچان، ایران
3 استادیار گروه علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the growing trend of emigration abroad, under various conditions, which has sometimes become an epidemic, can have devastating effects on key sections of society. Several factors affect this phenomenon. This research has tried to clarify the effective factors, to analyze the social contexts and processes to discover the hidden angles of emigration in relation to national belonging. The research method was qualitative and Grand Theory was used as the research method. Based on purposing sampling taking into account the criterion of theoretical saturation, 20 Iranian emigrants' semi-structured interviews were used. From the obtained results, 69 general concepts and 22 main categories were extracted, which were divided into causal, contextual, strategic, interventionist and consequential conditions in the paradigm model. The central focus of the study was "national affiliation as a result of collective idealism and individual utilitarianism," which includes other major categories. Among the categories, "exposure to diverse perceptions and opportunities for attraction, family motivations, sense of belonging, unpleasant structures, unfairness of benefits, experiences of emigration and the pattern of social relations" were identified as conditions for emigration from the country.