Designing a tool to assess the psychological characteristics of nurses and emergency medical teams in accidents

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Roudhen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudhen, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: When an accident occurs, rescue teams are the first to be sent to rescue and help the victims. The success of the deployment team depends on choosing the right person for the normal and emergency situation. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the psychological characteristics of the first respondents in accidents and disasters.
Methods: The present study was a sequential combined exploratory study of instrument design that was conducted in two parts: qualitative and quantitative. In the qualitative section, individual interviews and literature reviews for the production of materials and then based on the results of this section, a pool of items were formed and psychometric assessments were performed for validity, formality of content and structure.
Results: Exploratory factor 41 questions with 8 factors were used to design this questionnaire. These 8 factors are; Extraversion, conscientiousness, emotional intelligence, neuroticism, distress tolerance, agreeableness, openness to experience, and pessimism.
Discussion and Conclusion: The results showed that the questionnaire for assessing the psychological characteristics of helpers in disasters is an acceptable tool that covers all aspects of the psychological characteristics of first respondent in accidents and disasters. This questionnaire can be reliably used in related research.


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