The effectiveness of Psychotherapy on reducing severity of symptoms Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorders

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Master of clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University Birjand, Birjand, Iran

2 2. Full Professor of Clinical Psychology Azad University of Medical of sciences Tehran, Tehran,Iran.

3 Master of Psychology of Exceptional children, Islamic Azad University Birjand, Birjand, Iran

4 Master of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University Torbbat-e Gam, Torbbat-e Gam, Iran


Introduction: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a series of repeated physical, psychological and behavioral symptoms that occur at the end of the menstrual cycle and resolves at the onset of menstruation and disrupts the function of the individual . Several therapies have been effective on it. Considering how the thoughts, emotions and emotions affect the growth or reduction of symptoms of this disorder; The   aim    of this research was to study  , the effectiveness of psychotherapy on reducing the symptoms of Premenstrual dysphoric disorders.
Method: This design of the study is pre­-test /post-test control group. The sample include 28 persons (14 group expermintal and 14 group control) of patient premenstrual dysphoric disorder the selected randomly and the were requested to answer Daily Record   of Severity of Problem chart (DRSP). Over 8 therapy sessions, each lasting 90 minutes cognitive-behaviour therapy  while the control group did not receive any intervention. Statistical software
SPSS (21) and Covariance analysis were applied to analyse  the data.
Results: The  result of data  analysis  showed psychotherapy with cognitive behavioral therapy approach caused the decrease severity of symptoms  premenstrual dysphoric disorder (symptoms of anxiety, depression and emotional symptoms) (acceptance and positive reappraisal) of experimental group of comparision to the witness group (p  >0/05  ).
Conclusion: The result of this study indicate the effectiveness of psychotherapy  in  reducing the severity of premenstrual dysphoric disorder.


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