The effect of menstrual cycle on body image of women of Tehran sports clubs

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Sports Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: Primary dysmenorrhea and its associated pain and inflammation is one of the most common complaints and problems of gynecological diseases in young girls worldwide. Scientific findings indicate that exercise and physical activity have a positive effect on this problem. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of menstrual cycle on the body image of female customers of sports clubs in Tehran.
Methods: The statistical population of the study included all female customers of government sports clubs (physical fitness and aerobics) for women in Tehran. 450 people were randomly selected and answered the questionnaires of premenstrual syndrome symptoms and body image. All instruments had a good internal consistency reliability. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23 statistical software and structural equation modeling (SEM).
Results: The results showed that body image and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome during different weeks are higher than the average (3) of the maximum score of 5. The symptoms of premenstrual syndrome in the fourth week were more than in other weeks. The observed t-level (p ≤ 0.05) showed a positive and significant effect between body image and menstrual cycle in the third week.
Conclusion: These concepts go beyond the theoretical perspective and are a warning to the club management, who send their service messages to women: they need to know more about women's body image; Premenstrual stress apparently affects their behavior.


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