Comparison of the effectiveness of mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral therapy on blood sugar and glycosylated hemoglobin in patients with type 2 diabetes

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Endocrinology, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.

4 Professor, Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.


Introduction: Patients with diabetes have a major problem with metabolic control; The aim of this study was to determine and compare the effectiveness of mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral therapy on metabolic control (glycosylated hemoglobin and blood sugar) of type 2 diabetes patients.
Methods: The research method was semi-experimental with pre-test-post-test design with control group and two-month follow-up test. 45 people from the community of people with type 2 diabetes were selected in the available method in the Diabetes Association of Tehran in 1398 and were randomly replaced in two experimental and control groups. The required findings were collected using medical experiments three times before, after, and follow-up tests and were analyzed using variance analysis with repeated measurements.
Results: The results of repeated measurement analysis of variance showed that mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral interventions are effective in reducing blood sugar and glycosylated hemoglobin in diabetic patients (p <0.001). Ben-Ferroni's test showed that the effect of mindfulness was significantly higher than the swimming-t-behavioral method (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Despite the methodological-behavioral effect on the metabolic control of diabetic patients, it is recommended to use mindfulness-based intervention for better control.


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