The effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy on Alexithymia, Individual-Social Adjustment and Resilience of women exposed to divorce

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D Student, Department of Counseling Faculty of Humanites, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Counseling and Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomein, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomein, Iran


Introduction: Divorce disrupts the family system, and some of the stressful factors associated with it cause changes in a person's individual and social structure, often leading to problems and tensions in women's lives that affect their mental health. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on improving Alexithymia, individual-social adjustment and resilience women to divorce.
Method: The research method was quasi-experimental and the research design was pre-test and post-test with a control group. Among all women at risk of divorce in districts 5 and 6 of Tehran in 2019, 30 were selected as available and were randomly assigned to two experimental groups (15 people) and control (15 people). The research instruments were Toronto alexithymia scale (Bagby, parker and tylor,1994), individual-social adjustment California Questionnaire (Clark et al., 1953) and Resilience Questionnaire (Connor and Davidson, 2003). The procedure was such that after the pre-test, compassion-focused treatment was performed for the experimental group, and finally both two groups were performed. The findings were analyzed using SPSS software version 24 and multivariate analysis of covariance at a significance level of 0.05.
Results: The results of data analysis indicate that the interventions improved alexitamia, individual and social adjustment and resilience in the experimental group compared to the control group and this difference is statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: According to the research findings, it can be said that compassion-focused therapy is applicable to women at risk of divorce and is effective in improving alexitamia, individual-social adjustment, and resilience.


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