The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy program for adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on their interaction with their parents

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student of Psychology and the education of exceptional children, Faculty of Humanities, Research Science Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 (Corresponding Author) Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Abstract Introduction: Research has shown that the behavior of patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects their performance in the family, school and community and leads to a negative reaction from others; Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy program for adolescents with ADHD on their interaction with their parents. Methods: The method of quasi-experimental research and pre-test and posttest research design was follow-up with control and experimental groups. The statistical population included all adolescents aged 18-12 years who were referred to a respiratory clinic in 1998 due to suspected ADHD. Thirty people who scored higher than cut in the CBCL test were selected in an accessible and targeted manner. Research tools included Child Behavior Inventory (CBCL), Fine et al. Parent-Child Relationship Assessment Questionnaire (PCRS). Findings were analyzed using SPSS software version 25 and analysis of covariance and Bonferroni post hoc test at a significance level of 0.05. Results: The findings showed that the difference between pre-test and posttest in both parent experimental groups was significant (p <0.001). Due to the difference in means, the scores from pre-test to post-test have decreased. The difference between pre-test and follow-up is also significant (p <0.001). But there is no significant difference between the mean of post-test and follow-up of the two experimental groups (p> 0.001).
Conclusion: According to the research findings, it can be said that the special cognitive-behavioral program of adolescents has a beneficial effect on their interaction with their parents.


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