Comparison of the effectiveness of attachment and Emotion based family therapy program on depression in gifted adolescents

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Abhar Branch, Abhar, Iran


Introduction: Gifted adolescents may suffer from depressive disorder both in terms of developmental maturity and special educational conditions. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of attachment and Emotion based family therapy on emotional depression in gifted adolescents.
Method: The research method was semi-experimental with pre-test-post-test design with two experimental groups. From the statistical population of students studying in Tehran's gifted schools, 40 people were randomly selected and randomly assigned to two groups. The research questionnaire included Akhenbach's internalization problems. Family, attachment, and emotion therapy were applied for ten sessions of the research groups. The research data were analyzed using repeated measurement analysis of variance.
Results: The results of repeated measurement of variance analysis showed that post-test scores of attachment-based family therapy group were significantly lower than emotional family-based therapy (P≤0/001). Couples' comparisons also showed that the effect of family program dependence on attachment on persistent depression.
Conclusion: In order to improve the mental state and especially the depression of gifted adolescents, a family-based treatment program can be used.


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