Efficacy of Training Self-Compassion on High School Students’ School Phobia

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Educational Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Measurement Department, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.


Introduction and purpose: The students are considered the main resources in the society and they can pave the way for the development of the societies through successful educational performance. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of training self-compassion on high school students’ school phobia.
Methodology: The present study was quasi-experimental with pretest, posttest and control group design. The statistical population included secondary high school students in the city of Tehran in academic year 2019-20. 40 students were selected though multi-stage clustered random sampling method and they were randomly accommodated into experimental and control groups (each group 20 students). The experimental group received seven sixty-minute sessions of training intervention of self-compassion (Germer, 2009) during a month. The applied questionnaires in the study were school phobia questionnaire. The data were analyzed through ANCOVA method using SPSS 23 software.
Findings: The results showed that training self-compassion has significant effect on high school students’ school phobia (p < 0.001) in a way that this intervention has led to the decrease of high school students’ school phobia.
Conclusion: The findings of the study revealed that training self-compassion can be used as an efficient method to decrease high students’ school phobia through employing techniques such as familiarity with the concept of mindfulness, accepting emotions, facing emotions, the skill of personal accountability, and self-awareness.


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