Develop a structural model of obsessive-compulsive disorder based on early maladaptive schemas, attachment styles, defense mechanisms, emotional self-regulation and anxiety

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student of General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Measurement, Faculty of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran(Corresponding author).

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran.


Objective: Current investigation started with the aim of compilation of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) structural model based on Early Maladaptive Schemas, Attachment styles, Mental Defenses Mechanisms, Emotional Self-Regulation and Anxiety.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 390 samples suffering from OCD, applied to consulting institutes in Tehran with purposive method based on 27 variable(parameter) in two groups of male and female had selected to investigate. The measuring tools includes: Maudsley OCD Questionnaire, Brief Questionnaire of Yang’s Schemas, Hazan and Shavior’s Adult Attachment Styles Questionnaire, Andrews and others Defense Mechanisms Questionnaire, Hofmann and Kashdan’s Emotional Self-Regulation and Anxiety Spilberger’s Questionnaire, Analysis of data with the structural model with the help of Amos software has been completed.
Results: The mean (SD) age of participants was 38. And in current study provided that assumption is linear and normalizing of multi-Parameters with the Amos software, analysis would take place. Result have shown that Early Maladaptive Schemas and Attachment Styles with mediated (interposition) of Defense Mechanisms, Emotion Self-Regulation, Anxiety had direct/indirect meaningful effects on OCD.
Conclusion: The results of structural model analysis with the use of experimental data have shown that three variables Defense Mechanisms, Emotional Self-Regulation and Anxiety regarding OCD and Early Maladaptive Schemas, Attachment Styles play a mediator role. 


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