Structural model of the relationship between psychological capital and perceived social support with anxiety through mediation of burnout in female nurses

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student General Psychology , Department of Psychology , Rasht Branch , Islamic Azad University, Rasht , Iran.

2 Professor ، Department of Psychology , Rasht Branch , Islamic Azad University, Rasht , Iran.(Corresponding author)

3 Assistant Professor، Department of Psychology , Rasht Branch , Islamic Azad University, Rasht , Iran.


The aim of this study was to investigate the structural model of the relationship between psychological capital and perceived social support with anxiety through the mediation of burnout in female nurses.
This research is based on the purpose of the applied type and in terms of data collection method, it is a descriptive research of correlation and structural equation modeling and the statistical population of this study includes all female nurses working in public and private hospitals in Rasht in 1398. 700 people. According to Morgan's table, the background of researches related to the research subject, the criterion for entering and leaving the research and using the sampling method available from Poursina, Razi, public hospitals, according to Morgan table. Rasool Akram (PBUH), Amir al-Momenin, Velayat and Al-Zahra (PBUH) as well as private hospitals in Pars, Gil, Arya, Famili, and Ghaem (AS) were selected as a sample and to the Lutans (2007) Psychological Capital Questionnaire, Support Questionnaire Multidimensionally Perceived Social Responses Zimet et al. (1998), the Maslash & Leiter (2015) Occupational Burnout Questionnaire, and the Zank Anxiety Anxiety Scale (1971). To answer the research hypotheses, Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling using maximum likelihood using Spss22 and AMOS22 software were used.
Findings showed that the direct effect of burnout on this variable (0.27) is positive and significant at the level of 0.001. The direct effect of psychological capital (-0.19) and social support (-0.43) on job burnout is negative and significant at the level of 0.001. Psychological capital and social support also account for a total of 25% of changes in burnout.
In the present study, psychological capital and social support are inversely related to job burnout


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