The mediating role of anger rumination in the relationship between family functions and adolescent cyber bullying

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D student in Psychology, Department of psychology, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran.

2 Department of psychology, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran. (Corresponding Author)

3 Department of psychology, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran.

4 Department of psychology, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran


Introduction: With the increasing use of social networks and cyberspace, cyber bullying has also increased in the virtual world. The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of anger rumination in the relationship between family functions and cyber bullying in adolescents.
Methods: The method of the present study was descriptive-correlational through structural equation modeling. The statistical population included all adolescents aged 15 to 17 in the second and third grades of high school in Mashhad who were studying in the academic year 1399-1400. The sample size was 471 people which was done by cluster sampling method and through an online questionnaire in schools of the second district of Mashhad. The research instruments included Patchin and Hindoja (2016) cyber bullying questionnaire, Epstein and Bishab family function (1983) and the rumination of anger of Sokhodolovski et al. (2001). Data analysis was performed using structural equations in Spss26 and Smart PLS3 software.
Results: The results of structural equations showed that direct paths from family functioning components including emotional intercourse, problem solving, roles and control to anger rumination, as well as direct path from anger rumination to cyber bullying and family functions to cyber bullying were significant. And indirect paths from family functioning to cyber bullying mediated by rumination were not significant.
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, family functioning and anger rumination can predict cyber bullying in adolescents.


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