The relationship between body image, self-efficacy and self-esteem in the physical participation of physical education students

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran.

2 Master of sport managment, strategic managment in sport organizations, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Master of Sports Psychology, Department of Physical Education, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran (Corresponding Author)


Introduction: Considering that physical activity and participation in sports play an important role in physical and mental health; Therefore, the present study investigated the relationship between body image, self-efficacy and self-esteem in sports participation of physical education students of Lahijan Azad University.
Methods: The research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive in terms of data collection method. The statistical population of the study was 492 students of the Department of Physical Education (Sports Sciences) of Lahijan Islamic Azad University in the academic year 2020-2021, of which 216 were selected by simple random sampling. In order to collect data, standard questionnaires of sports participation, body image, self-efficacy and self-esteem were used online. Data analysis was performed by structural equation modeling.
Results: The results showed that body image directly plays a positive and significant role in the level of sports participation of physical education students (P≤0.001). The mediating role of self-esteem in the relationship between body image and sports participation was also confirmed. However, it was found that self-efficacy alone does not mediate the relationship between body image and sports participation (P≥0.001). Of course, self-efficacy and self-esteem simultaneously mediate the relationship between body image and sports participation in a positive and meaningful way.
Conclusion: It seems that paying attention to self-esteem and self-efficacy at the same time can help students who are concerned about their body image to participate more in sports activities.


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