Investigating the mediating role of executive functions in the relationship between basic motor skills and reading skills in students with reading disorders

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student in General Psychology, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran(Corresponding author)

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran.


Introduction:The present study was to aim the mediating role of executive functions in the relationship between basic motor skills and reading skills of students with reading disorders.
Materials and Methods:The research method was appliedin nature in terms of the aim and descriptive-correlation in terms of data collection,based on structural equation modeling.The statistical population of the study comprised 180 Elementary students (boys and girls) with learning disability of reading in the special learning disabilities in Ilam and based on the table by Morgan (1970), with the sample size comprising 120 subjects selected by sample random method. The research instruments were the inventories Executive Function Gioia , Isguith and kenvorthy(2002), Reading and dyslexia test Korami Nouri and Moradi(2008). Using structural equation modeling, the data were analyzed. The values obtained corroborated the fitting of the model.
Results:The results gleaned from structural equation modeling showed that basic motor skills directly impacts on reading disorder, executive functions impacts inverse and significant on reading disorder and basic motor skills effect reading disorder indirectly and meaningful through executive functions.
Conclusion: executive functions is judged to mediate the relationship between basic motor skills and reading disorders.


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