Effectiveness of emotion regulation and cognitive behavioral interventions on premenstrual dysphoric disorder with one-month follow-up

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran.


Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy with emotion regulation approach in improving symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Methods: The study was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest control group design, and statistical population of the research was women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder of Karaj. Twenty-four female with premenstrual dysphoric disorder were selected using convenience sampling, and randomly assigned into two experimental groups and one control group. One of the experimental groups received 8 session of emotion regulation intervention, and the other group received 8 sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy. All groups were assessed by the premenstrual symptoms screening tool (2003) in pre-test and post-test stages, and after one-month follow-up.
Results: The results of ANOVA indicated that premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms reduced significantly in experimental groups in comparison with control group, and these results lasted after one-month follow-up. Furthermore, there was a significant difference between emotion regulation intervention and cognitive-behavioral therapy in improving premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms.
Conclusion: Both cognitive behavioral and emotion regulation methods are applicable to premenstrual dysfunction but emotion regulation method is more effective.


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