The effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction on post-traumatic growth and death anxiety in breast cancer patients

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran(Corresponding Author)

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Sadjad University, Mashhad, Iran


Introduction: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women and as a chronic disease has various psychological complications. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction on post-traumatic growth and death anxiety in patients with breast cancer.
Methods: The research method was quasi-experimental with pre-test-post-test design with control group and two-month follow-up test. 30 research samples from the community of women with breast cancer in District 1 of Tehran in 2021 were selected by available methods and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The required findings were collected using post-traumatic growth and death anxiety questionnaires in three rounds of pre-test, post-test and follow-up test and were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance.
Results: The findings showed that the mean scores of post-test and post-traumatic stress test and death anxiety were different in the experimental group and the results of repeated measures analysis of variance showed that mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention Improving post-traumatic growth and death anxiety in patients with breast cancer is effective (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Therefore, mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention can be used to increase post-traumatic growth and reduce death anxiety in patients with breast cancer.


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