The mediating role of early maladaptive schemas and coping styles in the parent-child relationship and emotional regulation with self-healing behaviors

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Arsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arsanjan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Firoozabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad, Iran. (Corresponding Author)

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Arsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arsanjan, Iran.


The aim of this study was to predict self-injurious behaviors based on parent-child relationship and emotional regulation with the mediating role of early maladaptive schemas and coping styles. The method of the present study was correlation of structural equations. The statistical population of this study consisted of high school students in Tehran in the academic year 1399-1400. The statistical sample size was calculated based on the method proposed by Schumacher and Lomax (2004) of 300 people who were selected by cluster random sampling. Samplers completed the Intentional Self-harm Scale (DSHI), Lazarus Coping Strategies (WOCQ), Young Schema (YSQ), Cognitive Emotion Regulation (CERQ), and Parent-Child Relationship Assessment (PCRS). Findings showed that the structural model of the study based on the mediating role of early maladaptive schemas and coping styles with stress between parent-child relationship and emotional regulation with self-harming behaviors fits with the collected data. Emotional coping style in a positive way and problematizing coping style in a negative and significant way, initial maladaptive schemas in a positive and significant way, adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies in a negative and non-adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies in a positive and significant way The parent / child relationship negatively and significantly predicts self-harming behaviors. Based on the results, it can be concluded that in order to prevent and control adolescents' self-harming behaviors, it is necessary to pay attention to family factors including the parent-child relationship and individual factors such as early maladaptive schemas, coping styles and stress regulation.


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