Impact of a course dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) training program on balance and ankle proprioception in female patients with MS

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Sports Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Ragheb Esfahani Institute of Higher Education, Isfahan, Iran (corresponding author)

2 Master of Pathology and Corrective Movements, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Ragheb Esfahani Institute of Higher Education, Isfahan, Iran


The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a course dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) training program on balance and ankle proprioception in female patients with MS.
Material and Method
For this study, 24 people were selected who were divided into control (Number: 12 people, Age: 45.50 ± 3.06 years, Height: 1.66 ± 0.02 m, Weight: 58.08 ± 3.05 kg, BMI: 20.99 ± 1.04 Kg/m2, EDSS: 2.05 ± 0.75) and training (Number: 12 people, Age: 43.91 ± 2.84 years, Height: 1.65 ± 0.03 m, Weight: 56.91 ± 4.73 kg, BMI: 20.75 ± 1.17 Kg/m2, EDSS: 1.91 ± 0.51) groups. In this study, static balance was evaluated by Sharpen Romberg test and dynamic balance was evaluated by Timed Up and Go test. Also, ankle proprioception was evaluated in two positions dorsiflexion and plantar-flexion with a goniometer. At the end of the evaluations, the training group performed the exercises for 6 weeks (3 sessions per week). The control group also engaged in their daily activities during this period. Assessments were performed again after the exercises. In this study, Shapiro–Wilk test was used to check the normality of the data. Analysis of covariance and paired t-test, Yu Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon were also used to analyze the effect of exercise on variables and differences between groups. SPSS24 software was also used to analyze the data in this study.
The results of this study showed that the dynamic neuromuscular stabilization exercise program had a significant effect on improving static balance with open eyes (P=0.001) and (P=0.001), dynamic balance (P=0.001) and proprioception the foot is in dorsiflexion (P=0.01) and plantar flexion position (P=0.001). Also, the results of comparison between the two groups showed a significant difference between the two groups (P≤0.05).
Based on the results of using this exercise program, it is recommended to the therapists involved with these patients.


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