Determining educational needs and developing a self-care program in patients suffering from chronic renal failure treated with peritoneal dialysis

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background & Aim: Chronic kidney failure is one of the diseases that affect the quality of life of people today. Peritoneal dialysis is one of the treatments for chronic kidney failure. Education is an important part of the care program that helps the patient to play an important role in the treatment process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the needs of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis, which is based on nursing diagnoses, nursing interventions and the results obtained during the nursing process. Then, according to the needs of patients, a self-care educational program was developed.
Methods: The present study is a descriptive study that was performed on 74 patients referred to peritoneal dialysis wards of 5 medical centers. Demographic-clinical information was collected through patients' medical records and educational needs through face-to-face and telephone interviews with patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. The training needs were determined based on the nursing diagnoses of the International Association of North America, and finally the self-care program was developed through nursing interventions related to common diagnoses and their expected outcomes. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 26.
Results and Conclusion: Among the 20 nursing diagnoses presented in NANDA in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis, 5 diagnoses including: water and electrolyte disorders, infection, constipation, sleep disorders, and skin integrity disorders are the most common. Self-care was developed to meet these needs.
Keywords: education, self-care, nursing process, peritoneal dialysis