The effect of successful intelligence model training on tolerance of ambiguity, self-regulatory learning strategies and social adjustment of female students

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student in Educational Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran


Introduction: of these important concepts in psychology today is "successful intelligence". The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of successful intelligence training on tolerating ambiguity, learning strategies of self-regulation and social adaptation of female students by semi-experimental method of pre-test-post-test with control group.
Materials and Methods: The study population was single female students with an age range of 18 to 30years in Islamic Azad University,Yadegar-e Emam Branch in the academic year of 1399-1400, 24 in the control group and24 in the experimental group(21students Follow-up)were selected as available.The method of data collection was non-random and as available, but due to COVID-19 disease, the questionnaires were prepared through as a link and was performed once before the start of the course, once at the end of the course,and once for follow-up two months after the course.The questionnaires of successful intelligence,ambiguity tolerance,self-regulatory learning strategies,and Bell social adjustments were used as research tools.
Results: The covariance method was used for the pre-test and post-test, and T was always used for the follow-up period. The results of multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) in the experimental and control groups show that according to the Pillai effect, Landai-Wilks, Hetlink-Lovely effect and Roy's Largest Root tests, All of the dependent variables (ambiguity tolerance, self-regulation learning strategies and social compatibility) there is a significant difference (F=12.57, P<0.0001). In the follow-up period, according to the significance level of 0.0000, all of which were smaller than 0.01, the contrary hypothesis was confirmed. These findings indicate that the effect is significant with a probability of 99 percent.
Conclusion: successful intelligence training course affects successful intelligence, ambiguity tolerance,self-regulatory learning strategies and social adaptation, and can increase creativity, practical and analytical ability, and increase one's tolerance against ambiguities, and is an important factor in regulation of one's mood and learning, and plays an important role in the adaptation of the individual in society as much as possible.Therefore, it is recommended to start successful intelligence courses as a complementary model along with training courses from adolescence and develop them in universities.


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