The role of students ‘gender difference on socio-general health and corona-induced anxiety in COVID-19 pandemic

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of Physical Education, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran

2 Instructor, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: Gender is linked to how we are perceived to think and act as women and men because of the way society is organized, not because of our biological differences. The aim of study was to investigate the role of students ‘gender difference in socio-general health and corona-induced anxiety in the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods: The present study was causal-comparative. The statistical population includes all students of Farhangian University of Mashhad in 1399 of which samples randomly were selected 752 male and female students. Subjects were assessed for general health, social health, and corona-induced anxiety. Data normality was performed by Smirnov Kolmograph test and statistical analysis of data was performed by independent t-test and Pearson test by SPSS21 software with a significance level of 0.05.
Results: there was a significant difference between general health(p=0/029) and corona-induced anxiety(p=0/023) between male and female students but no significant difference was observed between two groups in the social health (p≥0.05). The correlation results showed a significant relationship between groups in general and social health (p = 0.001). But there was no significant relationship between corona-induced anxiety and general and social health (p≥0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, Students' general and social health can be affected by a variety of factors and in critical situations such as the risk of disease outbreaks are decisive. Because women were more anxious than men, women had lower social health than men. It is recommended that different people in the community receive more social support in critical situations.


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