Pathology of self-harm (suicide and self-mutilation) among divorced women with borderline personality disorder: a case study of divorced women with temporary marriage experience

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Family Counseling Department , Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

2 School Counseling Department, Shahid Rajaee University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Consulting Department, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr, Iran.

4 Family Counseling Department, Adiban University, Garmsar, Iran.

5 Department of Clinical Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran.


Introduction: The aim of the current research was the pathology of self-harm (suicide and self-mutilation) among divorced women with borderline personality disorder syndrome: the case study was divorced women with temporary marriage experience.
Method: The method of the current research was a qualitative phenomenological type. The study sample included 15 divorced women with experience of temporary marriage in the western cities of Tehran province (Rabat Karim and Parand) in 2019, who had problems related to borderline personality disorder with cases registered in welfare, which were selected by sampling method. were selected purposefully. To identify women, borderline personality disorder questionnaire (Leichsenring, 1999) was distributed among 350 people and 15 people with scores higher than 10 were selected, then a semi-structured interview was conducted with 15 of the selected people, then a word-for-word interview was conducted. was constructed and analyzed by interpretive phenomenology method.
Results: In this study, 3 main themes and several sub-themes were identified: 1) emotions, such as impulsive behaviors, rapid changes in self-image and mood changes; 2) environmental sensitivity, such as inflexible laws and; 3) Communication, such as lack of mutual understanding, difficulty in conversation, superficial relationship and lack of empathy. Conclusion: According to the findings, it can be said that self-harm in divorced women is influenced by personality traits, emotions, environmental sensitivity and communication, and it is necessary to provide a support system for divorced women with psychological problems.


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