The Role of Psychological Resilience and Optimism with the Mediation of Social Support on the Anxiety of Employees of Start-Up Companies During the Corona Pandemic

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Phd student of planning, Amir Kabir University, Tehran, Iran

2 Master's degree in General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Tehran University, Iran

3 Research and Development PhD, Department of Technology Management, Science and Research Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran (corresponding author)

4 Internal surgery nursing, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

5 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی،واحد تهران شمال،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،تهران،ایران

6 Master's degree in positive psychology, central Tehran branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


The current research was conducted with the aim of determining the role of mental resilience and optimism through the mediation of social support on anxiety during the corona pandemic period on the employees of the technology centers.
The research method is practical in terms of purpose and quantitative in terms of approach. The statistical population of the research includes the employees of technology centers. The sample size of the research includes 200 people. A simple random method was used to select the statistical sample. Data collection tools include Green et al.'s standard organizational optimism questionnaire, as well as Good's existential anxiety scale and Conner and Davidson's standard resilience questionnaire. In order to test the hypotheses of the research, the structural model has been estimated in two modes of non-standard and standard coefficients.
The value of Cronbach's alpha and combined reliability index for all research variables is higher than 0.7, indicating the reliability of the variables, and the average extracted variance or AVE for all research variables is higher than 0.5, indicating the convergent validity of the variables. Also, the direct effect of resilience, optimism and social support on anxiety is significant, and the direct effect of optimism and resilience on social support was proved.
According to the obtained results, it can be said that with the increase of optimism and resilience and social support, anxiety decreases and it can also be said that with the increase of optimism and resilience, social support also increases..


Main Subjects