The Effectiveness of Logo Therapy on Self Criticism of Female Students Exposed to High-Risk Behaviors

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student in guidance and counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan branch (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran.

3 Full Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Isfahan Islamic Azad University (Khorasgan), Isfahan, Iran.


The present study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of logo therapy on self criticism of female students exposed to high-risk behaviors. The research method was semi experimental (with experimental and control groups) with three-stage design (pretest, posttest, follow-up) and two-month follow-up period. The statistical population of the research included female students exposed to high-risk behaviors who were studying at Hasht Behesht Non-Profit University, Islamic Azad University of Najafabad and Isfahan in the academic year of 2020-2021. thirty five female student exposed to high-risk behaviors were selected through purposive sampling method and were randomly accommodated into experimental and control groups (18 student in the experimental and 17 student in the control group). The students in the experimental group received ten seventy five-minute sessions of logo therapy during ten weeks. High Risk Behaviors Questionnaire (Mohammadkhani, 2007) and Self criticism Questionnaire (Loeiz, 1998) were used in the present study. The data were analyzed through mixed ANOVA via SPSS23 software. The results showed that logo therapy has significant effect on the self criticism (p<0001, Eta=0.53, F=41.94) in the female students exposed to high-risk behaviors. According to the findings of the present study it can be concluded that logo therapy can be used as an efficient method to decreace self criticism of female students exposed to high-risk behaviors through employing techniques such as change in attitudes and taking logo via logo discovery method, accountability, overcoming despair, increasing life hope and affective support of the members from each other.


Main Subjects

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