The effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy on the tolerance and distress of mothers with mentally retarded students

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Phd student, Department of Psychology, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran(Corresponding author)

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran


Introduction: Mental retardation is a disorder that manifests itself from childhood and is characterized by below average intellectual function (IQ 70 or less). The aim of this study was the effectiveness of dialectical behavioral therapy on tolerance Anxiety and resentment of mothers with mentally retarded children in Zahedan.
Methods: The research method is quasi-experimental and is a pre-test post-test design with a control group. The statistical population of this study included the mothers of mentally retarded students in Zahedan in 1399. Thus, among the mothers of students in exceptional schools in districts 1 and 2 of Zahedan, 30 people were selected according to the inclusion criteria and randomly assigned to two experimental groups (15) and a control group (15). The experimental group in 8 sessions of 90 minutes. In 2 months, they were trained in dialectical behavior therapye.
Results: The results showed that the overall score of distress tolerance and resilience in the experimental group in the post-test phase increased compared to the control group. Overall, the results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of resilience dimensions and distress tolerance dimension scores in the dialectical behavior therapy training and control group in the post-test
Discussion:. Therefore, according to the findings, this treatment can be used as an effective method to increase anxiety tolerance and Resilience has been suggested in mothers with mentally retarded children. .


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