The Effectiveness of Psychological Capital Training on Health Promotion Behaviors and Self-Care of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student in Psychology, Yasouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasouj, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Psychology Education Department, Faculty of Science, Zand Shiraz Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran.


The present study was conducted to investigate The effectiveness of psychological capital training on health promotion behaviors and self-care of patients with type 2 diabetes. The research method was semi experimental with a pre-test and post-test design with a control group and a 3 month follow-up phase. The statistical population of the study included people with type 2 diabetes, members of the Diabetes Association, who referred to Bushehr medical centers and clinics in the second half of 2022. 35 patients with type 2 diabetes were selected through purposive sampling method and randomly accommodated into experimental (18 people) and control groups (17 people). The experimental group received ten ninty-minute sessions of psychological capital training during ten weeks. The applied questionnaires included Health Promotion Behaviors Questionnaire (Walker et al, 1987) and Self-Care Questionnaire (Galiana et al, 2015). The data from the study were analyzed through mixed ANOVA method via SPSS23 software. The results showed that psychological capital training has significant effect on the health promotion behaviors (F=71.28; Eta=0. 68; P<0001) and self-care (F=52.56; Eta=0. 61; P<0001) of patients with type 2 diabetes. According to the findings of the present study it can be concluded that psychological capital training can be used as an efficient method to improve health promotion behaviors and self-care of patients with type 2 diabetes through applying the mechanisms such as optimism, self-efficacy, resilience and hope.


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