Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Children with Overweight

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate professor , pediatrics Department ,Mashhad university of Medical sciences, Iran

2 Assistant professor in Social Medical


Childhood obesity is increasingly common and is associated with health problems. In particular, obesity plays a central role in the metabolic syndrome. We estimated the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. In obese children and adolescents 5-15 years old.
Materials and Methods
This descriptive cross Sectional study took place from April 2008 to March 2009, a total of 249 children and adolescents 5-15 years old with BMI>85percentil evaluated for growth parameters, BMI, blood pressure, Lipid profile, fasting blood sugar, insulin, and OGTT.
Mean age recorded was 9.8± 2.8 year, females with the range of 5-10 years old and males with above l0 years old. Of them 70.6% were female and others male, 66.5% were obese and 33.5% over weight.
Frequency of hyperinsulinism, impaired glucose tolerance test, Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes were 27.3%, 11.6%, 3.6% and 1.2% respectively. Overall 30% of children had high blood pressure and 66.2% dyslipidemia
Frequency of metabolic syndrome in this study was 20.1% and dyslipidemia was more common.


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