Comparison of the effectiveness of mindfulness training and emotion regulation along with diet on psychological flexibility and self-regulatory behavior of overweight adolescents

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Ardabil Branch , Islamic Azad University, Ardabil ,Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology , Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil , Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology , Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University ,Ardabil , Iran.

4 Professor,Department of Psychology ,Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran.


Introduction: Due to the various medical and psychosocial consequences of overweight in adolescents, education and prevention are very important; Therefore, the present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mindfulness training and emotion regulation along with diet on psychological flexibility and self-regulatory behavior of overweight adolescents.
Methods: The research method was quasi-experimental with multi-group pretest-posttest design. The statistical population of the study included all female overweight adolescents in the first high school of Tonekabon in the academic year of 1998-99. Multi-stage cluster sampling method using random method was divided into three groups of mindfulness training (n = 15), emotion regulation training (n = 15), and control group (n = 15). The research instruments included the self-regulatory questionnaire of Brown et al. (1991), the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire et al. (2011). Mindfulness training protocol) and emotion regulation training (8 sessions, once a week) were performed for 90 minutes. Multivariate analysis of covariance and Tukey post hoc test were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that mindfulness training and emotion regulation along with diet are effective on psychological flexibility and self-regulatory behavior of overweight adolescents (p <0.01). The mean of flexibility, self-regulatory behavior and weight loss in the emotion regulation training group at the end of the post-test was higher than the mindfulness training group and the control group (p <0.01).
Conclusion: It seems that emotion regulation training had a greater effect on improving flexibility, self-regulatory behavior and weight loss compared to mindfulness training of overweight adolescents.


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