عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Hypertension is a psychological disorder as a physical illness. The purpose of this study was to compare the behavior of brain and defense mechanisms in people with hypertension and normal people.
Methods: In this research, 30 patients with essential hypertension referred to specialized clinics and specialized physicians' offices in this field were selected by non-random sampling method and with 30 normal and non-infected individuals Were compared. Participants were evaluated through a research tool including the Defense Mechanism Scale (DSQ) (1993), Andrews et al., And the Jackson Questionnaire (RASI Scale of Sensitivity to Strengthening). Data were analyzed by independent t-test.
Results: There was a significant difference between the two groups in the two systems of behavioral activation and behavioral inhibition (P <0.05), but there was no difference in the system of conflict and escape (P> 0.05). Also, the mean score of the blood pressure group in the defense mechanism component was significantly higher than that of the normal group. (P <0/05) Conclusion: The results of this study showed that hypertension is associated with both components of defense mechanisms and behavioral brain systems, and there is a significant difference between the two groups.
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