مقایسه اثربخشی آموزش رویکرد اولسون ورویکرد پذیرش و تعهد بر انتظار از ازدواج و مسئولیت‌پذیری دختران مجرد مانده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته مشاوره، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد گروه مشاوره، عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه خوارزمی(تربیت معلم)، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد گروه مشاوره، عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه خوارزمی(تربیت معلم)، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه اثربخشی آموزش رویکرد اولسون و رویکرد پذیرش و تعهد بر انتظار از ازدواج و مسئولیت­پذیریدختران مجرد مانده در ایران بود.
روش کار: طرح پژوهش نیمه­آزمایشی از  نوع پیش­آزمون و  پس­آزمون با دو گروه آزمایشی و گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را تمامیدختران مجرد مانده شهر تهران در سال 1397 تشکیل دادند که از این جامعه تعداد 60 نفر به عنوان نمونه آماری  انتخاب و در سه گروه (دو گروه آزمایش و یک گروه کنترل) به صورت تصادفی جایگزین شدند.
نتایج: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که میانگین انتظار از ازدواج و مسئولیت­پذیری دختران مجرد مانده در هر دو گروه آزمایش افزایش پیدا کردو نتایج کواریانس چند متغیره نشان داد که تاثیر هر دو رویکرد  بر کاهش انتظار بدبینانه و ایده­آل­گرایانه از ازدواج و افزایش انتظار واقع­بینانه از ازدواج و مسئولیت­پذیری معنی­دار است (001/0 p<).
نتیجه گیری: نتایج آزمون تعقیبی بن فرونی، نشان از آن داشت که بین اثربخشی دو رویکرد در افزایش انتظار واقع ­بینانه از ازدواج و مسئولیت­پذیری تفاوت معنی­داری وجود ندارد اما تاثیر رویکرد پذیرش و تعهد  بر کاهش انتظار بدبینانه و ایده­آل­گرایانه بیشتر از رویکرد اولسون بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the effectiveness of Olson's approach with acceptance and commitment on marriage expectation and responsibility of bachelor girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bahar Hajrezaei 1
  • Shokoh navabi nezhad 2
  • Alireza kiamanesh 3
1 PhD Student in Counseling, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty Member of Kharazmi University (Teacher Training), Tehran, Iran.
3 Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty Member of Kharazmi University (Teacher Training), Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Olson's approach to and the acceptance and commitment approach to marriage expectations and responsibility of bachelor girls in Iran.
Methods: This study was experimental and pretest-posttest with two experimental control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all unmarried girls in Tehran in 1397. In this population, 60 girls were selected as a statistical sample and randomly replaced in three groups (two experimental and one control group). The required data were collected by using the Jones and Nelson (1997) and California Accountability Questionnaire (1987) using the Waste Scale in two stages of pre-test and post-test. Using a multivariate covariance test It was analyzed.
Results: Findings of the research showed that the average expectation of marriage and responsibility of bachelor girls remained higher in both experimental groups and the results of multivariate covariance showed that the impact of both approaches on reducing pessimistic and idealistic expectations of marriage and The increase in the realistic expectation of marriage and the significance of responsibility (p <0.001).
Conclusion: and the results of Bonferroni follow-up test showed that between the effectiveness of the two approaches in increasing the realistic expectation of marriage and accountability There is no significant difference, but the impact of acceptance and commitment approach on reducing pessimistic and idealistic expectations is more than the approach. Red Olson was.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Olson Preparation Approach
  • Acceptance and Acceptance Training
  • marriage expectation
  • responsibility
  • bachelor girls

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