مقایسه تأثیر سه روش مکمل یاری دارچین، تمرین هوازی و ترکیب این دو (تمرین – مکمل) برگلوکز، انسولین ناشتای خون و مقاومت به انسولین مردان دیابتی نوع II

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خمینی‌شهر، خمینی‌شهر، اصفهان، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خمینی‌شهر، خمینی‌شهر، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه
تا کنون روش‌های درمانی متعددی برای درمان بیماری دیابت پیشنهاد شده‌است، اما این که کدام یک از این روش‌ها با توجه به شرایط بیمار، کارایی بیشتری دارد، هنوز به روشنی مشخص نشده است. لذا، هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسه تأثیر سه روش مصرف دارچین، تمرینات هوازی و ترکیب آنها بر گلوکز و انسولین ناشتای خون و مقاومت به انسولین مردان دیابتی نوع II بود.
روش کار
در این پژوهش که به‌صورت پیش آزمون – پس آزمون با گروه کنترل انجام شد، 56 مرد دیابتی به‌طور تصادفی به 4 گروه مصرف دارچین (14 نفر)، تمرین هوازی (14 نفر)، ترکیبی (14 نفر) و کنترل (14 نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه دارچین روزانه 6 کپسول 500 میلی‌گرمی دارچین به مدت 8 هفته مصرف کردند، گروه تمرین هوازی هفته‌ای 3 جلسه به مدت35 تا 45 دقیقه و با شدت60  تا 70% ضربان قلب بیشینه در 8 هفته تمرین کردند، و گروه ترکیبی به‌طور همزمان به تمرین هوازی و مصرف دارچین پرداختند. متغیرها در ابتدا و پس از 8 هفته مداخله اندازه‌گیری شد. مقایسه درون‌گروهی با آزمون t همبسته و مقایسه بین‌گروهی با تحلیل واریانس یک‌طرفه (ANOVA) انجام شد.
نتایج
در هر سه گروه مداخله؛ گلوکز، انسولین ناشتای خون و مقاومت به انسولین در مقایسه با گروه کنترل کاهش معناداری داشت (05/0>p). ولی در مقایسه بین گروهی تفاوت معناداری در کاهش گلوکز ناشتای خون و مقاومت به انسولین مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه ­گیری
مصرف دارچین، تمرین هوازی و روش ترکیبی می‌تواند روی کاهش گلوکز، سطح انسولین و مقاومت انسولینی اثرات مثبتی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the Effects of Three Methods, Cinnamon Supplementation, Aerobic Exercise and Concurrent (Aerobic Exercise - Supplement) on Serum Glucose, Insulin and Insulin Resistance in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • Allahyar Arabmomeni 1
  • Mehdi Haji Hidari 2
1 Assistante professor, Department of Human Science, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr/Isfahan, Iran
2 M.s, Department of Human Science, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr /Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Introduction: Several treatments have been proposed for treating diabetes; however it is still unclear which one of these methods is more effective with regard to patient conditions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of aerobic exercise and concurrent (aerobic resistance) exercise on serum glucose, insulin and insulin resistance levels in Type 2 diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, which was performed as a pre-test, post-test with a control group, 56 type 2 diabetic men randomly assigned into Cinnamon  supplement (14 person) , aerobic exercise (14 person), supplement + exercise (14 person) and  control groups (14 person). The Cinnamon  supplement group received 6 capsule containing 500 mg powder of cinnamon for 8 weeks.  Training program for the aerobic group included 3 sessions with 35 – 45 minutes of running per week with 60 to70% maximal heart rate for 8 weeks and the concurrent group performed aerobic exercise and received cinnamon simultaneously. The variables were measured at baseline and after 8 weeks of intervention. Data were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA at significance level of pResults: Fasting blood glucose, insulin and HOMA-IR were significantly decreases in three groups compared to control group (p<0.05), but no significant decreased were observed for these indexes between groups.
Conclusion: Cinnamon supplementation, aerobic exercise and concurrent methods, can have positive effects on fasting blood glucose, insulin and insulin resistance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cinnamon
  • aerobic exercise
  • Type 2 Diabetic
  • insulin resistance

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