بررسی اپیدمیولوژیک بروسلوز در شهرستان فسا طی سال‎های 1388-1396

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار اپیدمیولوژی، مرکز تحقیقات بیماری‎های غیرواگیر، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران.

2 کارشناس بهداشت عمومی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد اپیدمیولوژی، مربی دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی بندرلنگه، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی هرمزگان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه
بروسلوز یکی از بیماری‎های عفونی مشترک بین انسان ودام است که همچنان در کشور ما یک معضل بهداشتی محسوب می‎شود. با توجه به این که شهرستان فسا جزء مناطق با شیوع بالا این بیماری می‎باشد، مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی وضعیت اپیدمیولوژیک بروسلوز طی سال‎های 96-1388 انجام شد.
روش کار
پ‍ژوهش حاضر به صورت  مقطعی انجام شد. اطلاعات مربوط به بیماری بروسلوزیس از معاونت بهداشتی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا اخذ شد. داده‎ها ‎کد گذاری و جهت تجزیه و تحلیل وارد نرم افزار SPSS  نسخه 22شدند. از شاخص‎های فراوانی، درصد فراوانی، میانگین و انحراف معیار جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‎ها ‎استفاده شد و نتایج در قالب جدول و نمودار ارایه شد.
نتایج
بیشترین فراوانی مربوط به سال 88 با 67 مورد (8/17%) وکمترین فراوانی  مربوط به سال96  با 25 مورد (6/6%) بود. از این میان  343مورد (2/91%)  بیماری جدید گزارش شد و بقیه شکست درمان و یا عود بیماری بودند. همه بیماران  ایرانی و بیشتر آن‎ها ‎ از گروه مردان بودند. میانگین سنی افراد مبتلا 31/8±15/34 سال بود. بیشترین شغل مرتبط با این بیماری دامداری وکشاورزی با فراوانی37%(139مورد) و پس از آن خانه داری با فراوانی9/26%(101مورد)بود. اغلب شرکت کنندگان ساکن روستا بودند.
نتیجه ­گیری
نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که روند بروز بیماری کاهشی بوده است. ولی این بیماری هنوز یک مشکل بهداشتی در شهرستان است که نیازمند آموزش و همکاری بین بخشی برای کنترل بیماری می‎باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Epidemiologic survey of Brucellosis in Fasa During 2009-2017

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azizallah dehghan 1
  • Maryam Sadeghian 2
  • Aboubakr Jafarnejad 3
1 Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, Noncommunicable diseases research center, Fasa University of medical sciences, Fasa, Iran
2 BSc of Public Health, Fasa University of medical sciences, Fasa, Iran
3 Master of Science in Epidemiology,Master Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Introduction: Brucellosis is a common infectious disease between humans and animals, which continues to be a health problem in our country. Considering that Fasa County is one of the high prevalence areas of this disease, the aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic status of brucellosis during the years 2009-2017.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional study. Information about Brucellosis was obtained from the deputy health department of Fasa University of Medical Sciences. Data were encoded and analyzed by SPSS 22 software. Frequency, mean, and standard deviation were used to analyze the data and the results were presented in the form of a table and a chart.
Results: The highest frequency was in 2008 with 67 cases (17.8%) and the least frequent in 2016 with 25 cases (6.6%). Of these, 343 cases (91.2%) were newly diagnosed and the rest were defeat treatment or recurrence of the disease. All Iranian patients and most of them were from men. The mean age of the patients was 34.15 ± 8.31 years. Most of the jobs associated with the disease for livestock and agriculture with a frequency of 37 percent (139) and then Housekeeping with a frequency of 26.9 percent (101 cases). Most participants were from rural areas.
Conclusion: The results of the study showed that the incidence of the disease was reduced. But this disease is still a health problem in the city, which requires training and inter-departmental collaboration to control the disease.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • health care economics
  • Pediatric Resident
  • Mashhad
  • Knowledge

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