بررسی و مقایسه مواد غذایی مصرفی نوجوانان دانش آموز دارای علائم و بدون علائم سندرم پیش از قاعدگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه
 سندرم پیش از قاعدگی(PMS) یکی از شایع ترین اختلالات در زنان است. عوامل مختلفی در ارتباط با PMS مطرح شده است.براساس مطالعات اخیرسبک غذایی به طور قابل توجهی بر نشانه های PMS تأثیر دارد. لذا هدف از انجام این مطالعه بررسی ارتباط سبک غذایی  نوجوانان و PMS است.
روش کار
 مطالعه توصیفی-تحلیلی حاضر بر۱۴٩ نفر از دانش آموزان دبیرستانی زاهدان درسال 1389 با دامنه سنی 14-18 سال اجرا شد. شرکت کنندگان دو پرسشنامه سنجش علایم PMS و بسامد غذایی (FFQ) را تکمیل نمودند. یافته ها با شاخص های توصیفی (فراوانی، درصد، میانگین، انحراف استاندارد) و آزمون t تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
نتایج
 نتایج نشان داد که افراد مورد بررسی 1/83% ملاک های ACOG برای PMS را داشتند. میانگین مصرف ماهیانه لبنیات (شیر، ماست، پنیر) و میوه و سبزیجات در گروه بدون علائم PMS به طور معناداری بیشتر از گروه دارای علائم PMS بود (۰۵/۰(p≤.
نتیجه‌گیری
 بهبود سبک غذایی نوجوانان مخصوصاً نوجوانانی با نشانه های پیش از قاعدگی ضروری به نظر می رسد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship of Premenstrual Syndrome and Nutritional Style

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nourmohammad Bakhshani 1
  • Zahra Hasanzadeh 2
1 Associate Professor of Psychology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan,
2 - MS in Psychology, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan,
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Premenstrual syndrome is one of the most common disorders in women. Several factors have been associated with PMS. Recent studies have found that nutritional style significantly effect on symptomsof PMS. The present study was performed to determine the relationship between nutritional style of adolescents and PMS.
 Materials and Methods
IN across-sectional study, 149 high school students of Zahedan were asked to complete the Premenstrual Symptoms Questionnaire and the Food Frequency Questionaire (FFQ). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (frequency, percent, mean, standard deviation) and t-tests.
Results
About 83.1% met the criteria of ACOG for PMS. The means of monthly milk products, fruites and vegetables consumption were significantly higher in participants without PMS (p≤0.05).
Conclusion
Overallimproving nutrition of adolescents is a necessity, especially for those with PM symptoms.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adolescents
  • Nutritional styles
  • Premenstrual Syndrome
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