ارزیابی الگوی علامتی و فراوانی اختلال بدشکلیبدن در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار روان پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 - دانشیار روان پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 روان پزشک سازمان تامین اجتماعی مشهد

4 - دستیار روان پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه
اختلال بدشکلیبدن یکی از اختلالات شبهجسمانی است که به صورت اشتغال ذهنی با نقص تخیلی یا تحریف
مبالغهآمیز یک عیب خفیف در ظاهر جسمانی تعریف میشود. با توجه به تفاوت شیوع این اختلال در منابع
گوناگون و شیوع بالاتر آن در دانشجویان، به مطالعهی الگوی علامتی و فراوانی اشتغال ذهنی با علائم اختلال
بدشکلیبدن در دانشجویان ساکن خوابگاههای دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد پرداخته شد.
روش کار
این مطالعهی توصیفی در سال 1385 بر500 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد به روش نمونهگیری
چندمرحلهای انجام شده است. این افراد توسط پرسشنامهی دموگرافیک و پرسشنامهی اختلال بدشکلیبدن بدون
ذکر نام تحت بررسی مقطعی قرار گرفتند و یافتهها با استفاده از نرمافزار SPSS و شاخصهای پراکندگی و
آزمونهای آماری مجذور کای و تی مستقل و تحلیل واریانس ارزیابی شدند.
نتایج
میانگین سن افراد 23/45 سال بود. از جمعیت مورد مطالعه بر اساس پرسشنامهی ذکر شده، 172 نفر (34/4%) در
مورد ظاهر خود نگران بودند که در بین آنها بیشترین نگرانی مربوط به صورت و به خصوص بینی و پوست بود
(68 نفر، 39/8%). شیوع اختلال بدشکلیبدن در دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد7/4% بود و فراوانی دو
جنس در گروههای مبتلا و غیرمبتلا تفاوت آماری معنیداری نداشت (p=0/242). تمام دانشجویان مبتلا به اختلال
بدشکلیبدن مجرد بودند.
نتیجه گیری
اشتغال ذهنی با تصویر بدن در بین دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد شایع بوده و نتایج شیوع اختلال
بدشکی بدن نیز از آمارهای موجود در جمعیت عمومی بالاتر بود. الگوی نارضایتی از وضعیت ظاهری بدن در
دانشجویان ایرانی با الگوی کشورهای غربی متفاوت بود. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Symptom Patterns and Frequency of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Students of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Talaei 1
  • Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar 2
  • Afshin Nasiraei 3
  • Amir Rezaei Ardani 4
1 Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Ibn-e-Sina Psychiatric Hospital,Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Psychiatrist,MashhadUniversity of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4 Resident of Psychiatry, Ibn-e-Sina Hospital,Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is one of the somatoform disorders characterized by excessively concerned with an imagined or slight defect in appearance. As frequency of BDD is reported differently in literature and BDD is more frequent in students, we decided to evaluate the symptoms pattern and frequency of body image concerns and BDD in students of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.
Materials and Methods
In this cross sectional study, 500 randomly selected students filled the demographic forms and BDD questionnaire (BDDQ) and results were analyzed by SPSS and statistical chi square, independent t and analysis variance tests.
Results
Mean age was 23.45 years. Prevalence of body image concerns was 34.4% (172 students) and prevalence of BDD was 7.4%. The most common concerns were about face especially nosed and skin (68 students). Sex differences were not statistically meaningful (p=0.242) and all of BDD students were single.
Conclusions
BDD and body image concerns are prevalent among Iranian students. Body image concern patterns of Iranian and western students were different.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • Body image epidemiology
  • Students
  • Mashhad
  • Prevalence
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