اثربخشی آموزش فرزندپروری ذهن‌آگاهانه بر بهبود اجتناب تجربه ای، خود-شفقتی و ذهن‌آگاهی مادران تنیده دارای کودک پیش دبستانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 استاد گروه روان شناسی مشاوره و تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی آموزش فرزندپروری ذهن ‌آگاهانه بر بهبود اجتناب تجربه‎ای، خود-شفقتی و ذهن‌آگاهی مادران تنیده دارای کودک پیش دبستانی انجام گرفت.
روش کار: پژوهش کاربردی با طرح آزمایشی از نوع پیش آزمون- پس آزمون و پیگیری با گروه مداخله نما (شبیه کنترل) بود. شرکت کنندگان 40 مادر دارای کودک پیش دبستانی که در دو گروه آزمایش و مداخله نما به صورت تصادفی جایگزینی شدند. گروه آزمایش 8 جلسه 2ساعته مداخله آموزشی فرزندپروری ذهن‌آگاهانه، دریافت کردند و گروه مداخله نما 8 جلسه 2ساعته آموزش زبان انگلیسی دریافت کردند. همه آزمودنی‎ها قبل از آغاز آموزش و پس از اتمام و در دوره دوماه پیگیری، پرسشنامه پذیرش و عمل- نسخه دوم (AAQ-II) برای سنجش اجتناب تجربه‌ای؛ مقیاس خودشقفتی- فرم کوتاه (SCS-SF) برای سنجش خود- شفقتی، مقیاس ذهن‌آگاهی، توجه و هشیاری(MAAS) را تکمیل کردند. داده‎ها با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری‎های مکرر و تحلیل کوواریانس تک متغیره تجزیه و تحلیل شد.
نتایج: نتایج مطالعه حاضر افزایش میانگین نمرات در متغیرهای اجتناب تجربه‎ای، خود-شفقتی و ذهن آگاهی را در گروه آزمایش در مرحله پس آزمون و پیگیری نسبت به گروه مداخله نما نشان داد(01/0< p).
نتیجه گیری: نتایج پژوهش بیانگر است که آموزش فرزندپروری ذهن‌آگاهانه بر بهبود اجتناب تجربه‎ای و ارتقای خود-شفقتی و ذهن‌آگاهی مادران تنیده دارای کودک پیش دبستانی موثر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Mindful Parenting Training on Improvement of Experiential Avoidance, Self-Compassion and Mindfulness in Stressed Mothers with Preschooler Child

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Bondar kakhki 1
  • Ali Mashhadi 2
  • Seyed Amir Amin Yazdi 3
1 M.A, Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
2 Associate professor, Department of psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Seyyed Amir Amin Yazdi, Professor, Department of Counselling and Educational Science, Faculty of Educational Sciences and psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of this study was investigating the effectiveness of mindful parenting training on improvement of experiential avoidance, self-compassion and mindfulness in stressed mothers with preschooler child.
Methods: The design of the present study is experimental with pre-test, post-test and follow-up with sham group. Participants of 40 mothers with preschool children who were randomly divided into experimental and sham groups. The experimental group received 8 sessions of 2-hour mindful parenting educational intervention and the sham group received 8 sessions of 2-hour English language training. For measuring experiential avoidance, self-compassion, mindfulness, in order Acceptance, Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), Self-Compassion Scale- short form (SCS-SF), and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) were used. Questionnaires were used in 3 phases including pre-test, post-test and two month-follow-up. Statistical analysis of data based on repeated measures analysis of variance and covariance
Results: The findings showed that the mean scores on the experimental avoidance, self-compassion and mindfulness variables in the experimental group at the post-test and follow-up phase were significantlyhigher than the intervention group(p <0.01).
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that mindful parenting training is effective on improving the experience avoidance and promoting self-compassion and mindfulness of mothers with preschool children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindful Parenting
  • Experiential avoidance
  • self-compassion
  • stressed mothers

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