رابطه‌ی سبک‌های دلبستگی و رضایت زناشویی با میانجی‌گری بخشش و همدلی: بررسی یک مدل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی ، گروه دپارتمان مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران.

2 مربی، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف اصلی مطالعه  آزمایش برازندگی مدل سبک‌های دلبستگی با رضایت زناشویی و با میانجی­گری­های همدلی و بخشش بود.
روش کار: جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان متأهل دانشگاه یزد بودند که حداقل دو سال از زندگی مشترکشان گذشته باشد و در دامنه سنی ‌بین 45-20 سال قرار داشته باشند. از بین این افراد 200 نفر (101 مرد و 99 زن) که در ترم بهمن 1396-1397 مشغول به تحصیل بودند به صورت نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و پرسشنامه­های مقیاس دلبستگی بزرگسالان کولینز و رید (RAAS)، مقیاس رضایت زناشویی، مقیاس گذشت ­­­خانواده (FFS) و مقیاس صفات همدلی باتسون (BEA) را تکمیل کردند. داده­ها از طریق روش­های آماری ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل مسیر (آزمون بوت استرپ) با استفاده از برنامه­های 21-SPSS و AMOS تحلیل شدند.
نتایج: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که سبک­های دلبستگی علاوه بر اثر مستقیم بر رضایت زناشویی به طور غیرمستقیم و از طریق نقش میانجیگری عامل بخشش و همدلی بر رضایت زناشویی اثر دارند.
نتیجه گیری: بر اساس یافته­های پژوهش می­توان گفت بخشش و همدلی از جمله فرآیندهای مهمی هستند که چه به طور مستقیم و چه غیرمستقیم از راه کاهش تأثیر منفی عواملی مانند سبک‌های دلبستگی ناایمن، سبب افزایش رضایت زناشویی می‌شوند. در نتیجه، لازم است تا جهت افزایش کیفیت روابط بین همسران، ضمن توجه به نوع سبک دلبستگی آن‌ها، به تقویت بخشایندگی و همدلی بین آن‌ها پرداخت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Examining the model of relationship between attachment styles and marital satisfaction: The mediating roles of forgiveness and empathy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Ahmadi Ardakani 1
  • Nasrin Fatemi Oghada 2
1 Instructor, Department of Consulting, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran.
2 Instructor, Department of Consulting, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: This study aimed at examining the model of relationship between attachment styles and marital satisfaction with the mediating roles of forgiveness and empathy.
Methods: The participants include all married students of Yazd University who have got married at least for 2 years aged between 20-45 years old. Among them 200 students (101 men and 99 women) studying in the second semester of 1396-1397 were chosen randomly. The materials used in this study were the questionnaires of the Revised Adult Attachment scale (RAAS) by Collins and Read, Marital Satisfaction Scale, The Family Forgiveness Scale (FFS), and Batson Empathy Altruism (BEA). The collected data were analyzed through Pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis (bootstrapping) through SPSS software package 21 and AMOS.
Results: The findings of this study indicated that attachment styles have a direct effect on marital satisfaction as well as an findings indirect effect on it through mediation of forgiveness and empathy
Conclusion: Moreover, based on the findings, it can be claimed that forgiveness and empathy are such important factors which cause an increase in marital satisfaction directly or indirectly by decreasing the negative effect of some factors such as insecure attachment styles. In conclusion, in order to improve the quality of relationship between couples, according to their attachment style, it is needed to improve forgiveness and empathy between them.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attachment Styles
  • Marital satisfaction
  • Forgiveness
  • Empathy

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