نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران.
2 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد همدان، همدان، ایران.
3 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد زنجان، زنجان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Irritable Bowel Syndrome can influence the patients’ cognitive, emotional and psychological processes in addition to the physical problems that appropriate cognitive therapies should be applied to decrease these damages. therefore the present study was conducted aiming to investigate the dialectic behavior therapy on pain anxiety and depression in the people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Materials and Methods: it was a quasi-experimental study with pretest, posttest with control group. The statistical population of the current study was men and women with Irritable Bowel Syndrome referring to circulatory specialists in the city of Hamedan in the second quarter of 2019. 30 patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome were selected through available sampling method and they were randomly accommodated into experimental and control groups (each group of 15). The experimental group received dialectic behavior therapy intervention (Linhan, 2004) during two-and-a-half months in ten seventy-five-minute sessions. The applied questionnaires in this study included pain anxiety (Mc Cracken, et.al., 1992) and depression (Beck et.al., 1996). The data from the study were analyzed through MANCOVA method.
Results: the results showed that the dialectic behavior therapy has significant effect on pain anxiety and depression in the people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (p<0.001).
Conclusion: according to the findings of the present study it can be concluded that the dialectic behavior therapy can be used as an efficient method to decrease pain anxiety and depression in the people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome employing techniques of bearing distress, acceptance and emotional self-regulation.