نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه مشاوره، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران
2 گروه مشاوره ، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران
3 استادیار گروه مشاوره و راهنمایی، واحد مسجدسلیمان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مسجدسلیمان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background & Objective: Gender socialization provides the grounds for social exclusion, psychological disorders, reduced quality of life and marital satisfaction for women; Therefore, it is important to study and treat these problems in housewives. The aim of the present study was to comparison effects of solution-focused therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy on psychological flexibility and marital satisfaction of housewives.
Methods: The study was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest and control group. The statistical population was housewives in Behbahan in the second half of 2019, who were selected by targeted sampling method, 45 eligible people were selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups and respond to ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Scale (Fowers & Olson, 1993) and sub-scale of Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire (Bond et al., 2011). The control group waited and the group of solution-focused therapy received the interventions during 8 sessions of 120 minutes and the group of acceptance and commitment therapy received the interventions during 12 sessions of 90 minutes; Then, at the end of the therapeutic interventions, the subjects of the experimental and control groups were evaluated by questionnaires. Data were analyzed by analysis of covariance and considering the significance level of p < 0.01 in SPSS24 software.
Results: The results showed that solution-focused therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy had a significant effect on increasing psychological flexibility and marital satisfaction of housewives (p < 0.001). Comparing the effectiveness of these methods, it has been shown that the solution-focused therapy is more effective in increasing marital satisfaction (p < 0.001). There was no difference between these methods in increasing psychological flexibility (p>0.05).
Conclusion: In addition, these therapies can be used as effective therapies to improve the psychological flexibility and marital satisfaction of housewives; The priority of use in the treatment of marital problems is with the solution-focused therapy.