عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Research into the custody of children who have lost their guardian for a variety of reasons is ongoing; therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the standards and psychosocial issues of orphans in day care centers.
Methods: This research is a descriptive and comparative causal research. The statistical population of the study included all orphans, which according to the statistics of the Welfare Organization was 22,500 children. The statistical sample consisted of 360 orphans and 360 normal children were selected by cluster random sampling method. In this study, 5 standard questionnaires of Zonk Anxiety, Cooper-Smith Self-Esteem, Social Development and Ireland, Raven's IQ scale for children and adults and de Gaulle stress were selected, all of which had a Cronbach's alpha coefficient above 0.7. Independent t-test and chi-square test were used to analyze the data to examine the mean differences.
Results: The results showed that care centers for orphans in Iran do not fully comply with physical, spatial and educational standards and the distance between these centers and standards, especially in deprived central provinces is more visible in terms of educational and social variables and Psychological problems are more common in homeless children than in child-supported chil.
Conclusion: Considering that the rate of social development of orphaned children is lower than their normal peers, it is recommended to design and form educational recreational camps similar to normal social life and hand over the management of these camps and to define the operational roles. Provide social conditions for these children to develop socially.