نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بیرجند، خراسان جنوبی، ایران.
2 دانشجوی دکترا روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بیرجند، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of life skills training (self-awareness and effective communication) on the self-efficacy and low self-esteem of primary school students.
Methods: The research method is experimental with pre-test and post-test with control group. The statistical population of this study consisted of the second year students of elementary schools in Bashahrad city in the academic year 1398-1989. The instruments used were Gambryl and Ritchie Expression Questionnaire and Chick-Briggs Shyness Questionnaire. The research sample was selected by stage cluster random sampling method and then 40 subjects were randomly selected from 3 schools and two classes in each school and from 6 randomly selected classes in two groups of 20 students and control. 20 students were replaced. Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance.
Results: The results showed that training life skills (self-awareness and effective communication) with regard to variable mean of Existence of the experimental group and also of the control group mean increase the Existence of the Expermental group. Also, the mean of the experimental group decreased the likelihood of the test group to the mean of the control group.
Conclusion: Therefore, life skills training (self-awareness and effective communication) has an impact on increasing self-esteem and decreasing self-esteem.