نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار، گروه روانشناسی و مشاوره، واحد تهران غرب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Present research aimed to predicting the spiritual health based on happiness, metacognitive beliefs and subjective well-being in medical students.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional from type of correlation. The statistical research population was medical students of universities of medical sciences of Tehran city in 2018-19 academic years. The research sample was 400 students (200 male and 200 female) who were selected by multistage cluster sampling method. Data collection tools were included the questionnaires of spiritual health (Palutzian & Ellison, 1982), Oxford happiness (Argyle & Lu, 1990), metacognitive beliefs (Wells & Cartwright-Hatton, 1997) and subjective well-being (Keyes & Magyar-Moe, 2003). Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with enter model methods in SPSS-21 software.
Results: The findings showed that happiness and subjective well-being have a positive and significant relationship with spiritual health of medical students and metacognitive beliefs have a negative and significant relationship with their spiritual health. Also, the variables of happiness, metacognitive beliefs and subjective well-being were able to explain 33 percent of variance the spiritual health of medical students, who the role of metacognitive beliefs was higher than happiness and subjective well-being (P<0/01).
Conclusion: The results indicated the role of happiness, metacognitive beliefs and subjective well-being in predicting the spiritual health of medical students. Therefore, in order to promote their spiritual health can increase happiness and subjective well-being of medical students and decrease their metacognitive beliefs through workshop.