نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه روانشناسی ، پردیس علوم و تحقیقات خوزستان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ایران، اهواز. گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.
2 گروه روانشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران.
3 گروه روانشناسی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a chronic and refractory psychiatric neuropsychiatric disorder that often develops in childhood and leads to significant problems in the long-term. Cognitive-behavioral therapy was based on obsessive-compulsive beliefs and depression in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder in Tehran.
Methods: Thirty individuals were selected from the statistical population based on non-random sampling and were divided into two experimental and one control group. There were 10 patients in each group. The research design was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest with control group. Research participants responded to the Obsessive-Compulsive Beliefs Questionnaire (2011) and Beck Depression Inventory (1972). Data were analyzed using one-way covariance analysis (ANCOVA) and multivariate analysis of covariance (Mankova).
Results: The results showed that both brain electrical stimulation therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy, respectively, reduced obsessive-compulsive beliefs and depression in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Conclusion: Among the two methods of brain electrical stimulation of the skull and cognitive-behavioral therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy was more effective in reducing obsessive beliefs than electrical stimulation of the brain. But it has been shown to be more effective in reducing depression than electrical stimulation of the brain.