نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه پزشکی اجتماعی، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد،ایران
2 دانشکده پزشکی، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد،ایران
3 استادیار، گروه عفونی، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد،ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is one of the causes of TORCH syndrome )Toxoplasmosis, Others, Hepatitis B, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Simplex Virus) during pregnancy that can cause severe complications in fetus and neonate if left untreated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and practice of pregnant women about Toxoplasmosis in Mashhad in 2018.
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 501 pregnant women referred to comprehensive urban health centers. Multistage cluster sampling was used. The data collection tool was a 25-question questionnaire including general information, risk factors, symptoms, complications, prevention and practice of pregnant women about Toxoplasmosis. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 20 using t-test, ANOVA and linear regression test.
Results: 31.1% of pregnant women stated that they had heard or read information about toxoplasmosis. The knowledge of 417 people (83.2%) was poor. In multivariate analysis, the number of miscarriages, monthly household income, age and education of pregnant women were significantly correlated with their knowledge about toxoplasmosis. (p <0.05)
Conclusion: Given that only 4.2% of pregnant women in this study had good information about Toxoplasmosis, it is necessary to pay more attention to educational programs to improve the awareness of pregnant women by prenatal caregivers.