عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, couples with infertility treatment conditions are divided into four categories according to the type of treatment method, which includes: sperm donation, egg donation, embryo donation and rental uterus. Each of these methods also faces its own jurisprudential and legal challenges. In this article, we try to examine the jurisprudential and legal aspects of sperm donation. Compared to the last four methods, the two methods of embryo donation and uterine uterus faced the least challenges and problems in jurisprudence and law, but sperm donation is still controversial in terms of jurisprudence and law. Issues such as inheritance, paternal and maternal relationship, inheritance from sperm donation and from a jurisprudential point of view have not yet been resolved. The issue of fertility and sanctity of fertility through donated sperm is also one of the new issues that is being studied by mujtahids with ijtihad as one of the characteristics of Shiites.
The present article, with its jurisprudential and legal approach, seeks to examine the dimensions, challenges and effects of sperm donation.