نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار، گروه عمران، واحد صفادشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول)
2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت ساخت، واحد صفادشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Today, observing environmental considerations in medical centers and hospitals is a requirement. Considering that no study has been done in the country on the design and construction aspects of such spaces from an environmental point of view, this study has been conducted with the aim of compiling effective indicators on the design and construction of a green hospital in the country. The type of research is survey and analytical.
Methods: Methodology: In the first stage, using theoretical foundations, effective indicators were developed on the design and construction of hospitals and medical centers. Then, the indicators were reviewed and approved using the Delphi panel. Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to check the normality of the data. In the next step, by weighting the effective indicators, the indicators were prioritized through the Hierarchical Analysis Process (AHP) technique.
Results: The results showed 7 main indicators and 30 sub-indices that had an abnormal distribution. A pairwise comparison of influential factors showed that the "Energy Management" index with 0.567 has the highest weight and then the "pollution control" index with a weight of 0.512. The lowest weight of the indicators belongs to the "landscape" factor with a score of 0.331. The sub-indices were weighed based on two parameters of technical importance and priority of execution time, which were found to have the highest score under the subheading "Compliance with LEED standards" and the sub-index "No use of pesticides, dyes and other toxic chemical derivatives".
Conclusion: In the study and construction phase, it is necessary to pay attention to the indicators and sub-indicators of Green Hospital in order to reduce environmental costs and increase the safety level of staff and patients while reducing the costs of the operation phase.