نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 فوق تخصص آلرژی و ایمونولوژی بالینی / دانشیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مازندران، ساری، ایران
2 فوق تخصص نورولوژی کودکان / دانشیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مازندران، ساری، ایران
3 فوق لیسانس روانشناسی / ساری، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder in children. Intelligence quotient is an indicator of one's efficacy. This study aimed to compare the IQ of children diagnosed with moderate asthma compared to IQ of healthy children.
Materials and Methods: This comparative study was conducted in 2011. Wechsler intelligence scale for children was used by split half method to calculate the overall IQ (0.97), verbal IQ (0.97) and practical IQ (0.93). The t-test and Chi square test were used to analyze quantitative variables and qualitative variables; respectively. P-value was significant when less than 0.05.
Results: out of 204 children, 114 (56%) in the case group and 90 children (44%) in the control group participated in comparing their IQs. One hundred and fifteen (56%) were males and 89 (44%) were females. The overall IQs of asthmatic patients and healthy patients were 109 and 108, respectively; the difference was not significant (p=0.905). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the IQ scores between males and females.
Conclusion: asthma is a chronic disease that has no negative impact on IQ.