نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 پزشک عمومی،
2 کارشناس ارشد تغذیه
عنوان مقاله [English]
ntroduction: Diabetic mellitus is the most widespread illness resulted from metabolic disorders. Intake of glucose or any disaccharides containing glucose is limited or restricted in these patients. In this study changes in blood glucose of diabetic patients after eating jelly jams with fructose as sweetener and white bread (reference) were determined.
Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study in 2006 at Shahid Beheshti Universiy of Medical Sciences on 30 diabetic patients type II of members of Endocrine and Metabolism Institute, the effect of jam on blood glucose were evaluated. To determine the glycaemic index of these jams, white bread was used as reference and blood glucose level was measured after eating each of them at different time intervals of: 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120 minutes. Statistical analyzis was done using Wilcaxon and ManUwhiteny.
Results: Study was done on 30 patients with blanced male to female ratio, with mean age of 51 ± 17.9 years old and weighit of 72.6 ± 10 Kgs. Blood glucose response evaluations in patients determined that glycaemic index of white bread and fructose jam was 100 and 34.4, respectively, with significant statistical difference (p< 0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, the glycaemic index of these jams is low and considering the positive clinical effects of the foods with low glycaemic index, the use of these jams in the diet of diabetic patients is recommended.