نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه قلب و عروق
2 پزشک عمومی
عنوان مقاله [English]
ntroduction: The idiopathic long Q-T syndrome is an infrequent disorder, in which affected individuals have an unusual ECG repolarization abnormality presenting as syncope. Congenial long Q-T prolongation can be associated with congenital deafness in an autosomal recessive manner (Jerval and lange Nielson Syndrome).
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was accomplished in 2003, on 100 cases with congenital deafness as the case group and 100 cases with intact hearing as the control group. The two groups were similar with respect to sex and age. ECG performed for the both groups and Q-T duration was measured according to Bazet formula. Data recorded in a questionnaire and analyzed by descriptive statistics.
Results: The cases were between 7- 12 years old, with the mean age of 9. Almost 50% of cases were female and 50 % were male. The mean Q-Tc duration was 0.42 sec in the control group, 0.42 sec in both females and males. The mean Q-Tc duration was 0.43 sec in the case group, 0.44 sec in female and 0.42 sec in male. In the case group, 44% had Q-Tc>0.46 sec (29% female and 15% male). In the control group, 28% had QTc= 0.44 sec (14% male and 14% female).
Conclusion: The present study's data supported the presence of long Q-T syndrome in patients with sensorineural hearing loss in the studied population. So, Routine ECG screening is recommended in patients with congenital deafness.