1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی سلامت، گروه روانشناسی، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تنکابن، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تنکابن ، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Studies have shown that children with cancer, in addition to physical problems, have psychological problems such as maladaptation. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the effectiveness of FRIENDS program training and play therapy on the adjustment of children with cancer.
Method: The research method was applied in terms of purpose and quasi-experimental in terms of implementation method with pre-test-post-test design with two experimental groups and a control group. From 7 to 12-year-old children with cancer referred to Loghman Hospital in Tehran, using the available method, 45 of them were selected as a research sample and randomly assigned to three groups of FRIENDS program, play therapy and control. The research tool was the Tobacco Children Adaptation Questionnaire. After collecting the research data, the method of covariance and Bonferroni post hoc test were used for analysis.
Results: The results of covariance showed that both FRIENDS and play therapy methods are effective in increasing the adaptation of children with cancer (p˂0.001, F=33/396). Bonferroni post hoc test showed that the FRIENDS method was more effective than the play therapy method on the adaptation of children with cancer (p˂0.001).
Conclusion: Both FRIENDS and play therapy methods affect the adaptation of children with cancer; But FRIENDS method was more than cognitive-behavioral play therapy.